The département is part of the current région of Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur. It is surrounded by the départments of Gard on the west, Vaucluse on the north, and Var on the east, and by the Mediterranean Sea on the south.
Marseille is an important harbour.
Other significant cities include:
- La Ciotat
Alpilles mountain range
Attractions in Bouches du Rhone
The département is well represented in French art. Paul Cézanne painted numerous representations of the Mont Sainte-Victoire. Vincent van Gogh spent much of his life in Aix-en-Provence, painting many scenes in the area.